Injury Prevention

Injury and violence remain major public health problems in Ohio because of the incomparable cost and the disabling and disrupting consequences. They are the leading cause of death for children and young adults from ages 1 through 44, more than all other causes combined, including heart disease, stroke and cancer.

Injury Prevention is concerned with preventing injury of all types. However, based on Ohio-specific injury data and an in-depth prioritization process, Injury Prevention staff have identified and developed specific strategies related specifically to prescription drug overdose.

The Portsmouth City Health Department is committed to strengthening and sustaining effective injury prevention and control measures that reflect the significance of the problem. Heroin use is part of a larger substance abuse problem. CDC Vital Signs www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/heroin. We strive to reduce drug overdose rates through campaigns and programs such as Project DAWN: Death Avoided with Naloxone, Prescription for Prevention: Stop the Epidemic, and Prescription for Recovery. We work in collaboration with the Ohio Department of Health, Scioto County Drug Action Team Alliance, Appalachian Regional ADAMHA (Alcohol, Drug, and Mental Health Services) Boards, local law enforcement, treatment facilities, and many local businesses that choose to be a part of the solution to the prescription drug problem. Through these collaborations and programs, we hope to reduce injury rates and make our community a safer place.

Due to the rapid and alarming increase in drug overdose deaths, the Ohio Department of Health, Violence and Injury Prevention Program created a subgroup, the Prescription Drug Abuse Action Group (PDAAG) of the Ohio Injury Prevention Partnership (OIPP) to focus specifically on this epidemic of drug deaths. Data reveals that:

  • From 1999 to 2012, the number of deaths in Ohio due to unintentional drug overdose increased 485 percent, and the increase has been driven largely by prescription drug overdoses.
  • In Ohio, since 2007, there have been more deaths from drug overdose than from motor vehicle traffic crashes.
  • There were 327 fatal drug overdoses in 1999 and the number grew to 1,914 deaths in 2012.
  • Females represent the fastest growing group at risk for fatal prescription drug overdose.

Injury and violence remain major public health problems in Ohio because of the incomparable cost and the disabling and disrupting consequences. They are the leading cause of death for Ohioans aged 1 to 44 and the fifth leading cause of death overall. Injuries cause more deaths of children and young adults from ages 1 through 44 than all other causes combined, including heart disease, stroke and cancer.

The Office of Injury Prevention (OOIP) at the Portsmouth City Health Department is funded through grants from the Ohio Department of Health Bureau for Health Promotion/Risk Reduction, and the Ohio Department of Public Safety. The Office of Injury Prevention serves to promote injury prevention through a combination of education, environmental engineering, and the provision of safety devices known to reduce injuries and death. The overall goal of the Office of Injury Prevention is to reduce the incidence of unintentional injuries in an effort to reduce the incidence of accident-related disabilities and death.

The OOIP is concerned with preventing injury of all types. However, based on Ohio-specific injury data and an in-depth prioritization process, the OOIP has identified and developed specific strategies related to prescription drug overdose.

Office of Injury Prevention Services

The Portsmouth City Health Department is committed to strengthening and sustaining effective injury prevention and control measures that reflect the significance of the problem. We strive to reduce prescription drug overdose rates through campaigns and programs such as Project DAWN: Deaths Avoided With Naloxone, Prescription for Prevention: Stop the Epidemic, and Prescription for Recovery.

Project DAWN – Deaths Avoided with Naloxone is a community-based Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution Program the seeks to increase the utilization and access to the life-saving overdose reversal drug Naloxone in the community setting, Project DAWN of Scioto County has presented at numerous state conferences and assisted the Project DAWN Programs that have since expanded across Ohio with programmatic set-up and program logistics. We offer Naloxone kits and education to community members and agencies.

Prescription for Prevention: Stop the Epidemic is a campaign developed by the Ohio Department of Health and implemented by Portsmouth City Health Department to raise awareness of the epidemic of prescription drug abuse and overdose. The focus of the program is to educate the community on what you can do to make your community a safe place, for example, how to safely dispose of medication.

Prescription for Community Recovery is funded by the Ohio Department of Health from 2010-2018, this Project works to reduce the burden of Unintentional Overdose in Scioto County using a population-based approach that uses a combination of policy, systems change, education, and environmental responses designed to reduce factors which contribute to the incidence of overdose. This Project collaborated with numerous prescribers and pharmacies to increase access to Naloxone to patients at risk of overdose and to reduce the overprescribing of prescription opioids through medical education and promotion of “Ohio’s Opioid and Other Controlled Substance Prescribing Guidelines.”

We work in collaboration with the Ohio Department of Health, Scioto County Drug Action Team Alliance, Appalachian Regional ADAMHS (Alcohol, Drug, and Mental Health Services) Boards, local law enforcement, treatment facilities, and many local businesses that choose to be a part of the solution to the prescription drug problem. Through these collaborations and programs, we hope to reduce injury rates and make our community a safer place.

Please contact Marissa Wicker, Prevention and Promotion Director for more information at (740) 354-8944.

RESOURCES:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov

Ohio Department of Health, www.healthy.ohio.gov

Ohio Mental Health and Addiction Services, www.mha.ohio.gov